1. Translucent teeth: acid reflux
Acid reflux (gastroesophageal reflux disease) can cause heartburn. The reflux of stomach acid into the mouth can cause tooth enamel to corrode. Expert advice: Reduce your intake of acidic foods such as citrus fruits and soda, and do not eat for two hours before going to bed. See the dentist in time for proper treatment.
2. Tooth wear: nocturnal bruxism
Excessive pressure can cause teeth grinding at night. Expert advice: Doing yoga and meditation and other activities can help relieve stress. In addition, the dentist will choose the right braces to help you protect your teeth.
3, dry mouth: parotid Sjogren syndrome
The disease is an immune disease. The lacrimal glands and salivary glands are attacked by the autoimmune system, which prevents the body from producing enough body fluids such as saliva and tears, resulting in chronic dry eyes and dry mouth. Experts said that although the main signs are dry mouth, most of the disease is treated by ophthalmology. The disease is difficult to cure, but there are a variety of drugs that can relieve the symptoms.
4. Persistent oral odor: diabetes
Halitosis (stubborn oral malodor, no improvement even after brushing your teeth) may have a variety of triggers, and diabetes is a common cause. Diabetic patients lack insulin and cannot completely convert glucose into energy. Once there is a lack of glucose, the body will break down fat into ketone acidic substances, which accumulate in saliva (also contained in blood and urine), which can cause oral malodor. Experts recommend that you go to the hospital for a comprehensive physical examination.
5. Pale gums: anemia
Iron deficiency in the body can lead to insufficient hemoglobin, which reduces the number of red blood cells responsible for carrying oxygen to the lungs. The gums have dense blood vessels. If there are not enough red blood cells, the gums will turn white. Experts suggest that eating more iron-rich foods can help improve anemia. If there is no relief, you should see a doctor. White gums may also be caused by other diseases.
6. Oral metallic taste: taste disturbance
The metallic taste in the mouth appears for a day or two, which may be caused by dysgeusia. Zinc deficiency may be one of the main reasons. Zinc plays an important role in the normal work of taste bud cells. See a doctor in time and check your blood for zinc. Eat more zinc-rich foods such as oysters, red meat, and poultry.
7. Gingival recession: Gingivitis
Poor oral hygiene habits can lead to tartar and calculus, which in turn induces chronic gingivitis. If left untreated, it can cause periodontitis and gum recession. Prolonged dental disease can also increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. Experts recommend that you brush your teeth every morning and night and use dental floss to clean between your teeth. Visit the dentist every six months.
8. Abnormal color of tongue coating: bacterial or fungal infection
The temporary brown or black tongue coating may be caused by coffee or tobacco. However, white or yellow tongue coating (with itching or sensitivity) may be a bacterial or fungal infection. Experts suggest that the medicine is easy to treat by seeing a doctor.
9. Rugged tongue surface: Migratory glossitis
Migratory glossitis (also called "map tongue") is characterized by a map-like red spot on the surface of the tongue. Dr. Messina said that the cause of the disease is usually unknown, and some doctors think it is caused by spicy food, and it usually heals on its own within a week. Experts suggest that if the red spots on the tongue last for a long time and the spots become larger, you should see a doctor to rule out the possibility of oral cancer.
10. Mouth ulcers: oral ulcers
An aphthous ulcer is a small, painful ulcer or sore, usually seen in the mouth. This disease is mostly caused by stress or excessive intake of acidic foods. Oral ulcers usually heal on their own in 10-14 days. Experts say that if there is a burning pain in the mouth ulcer, you should consult a doctor. Antibacterial mouthwash, glucocorticoid ointment or topical steroid drugs can help relieve pain and irritation.